A stroke is a serious neurological condition that occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain is disrupted. This can be caused by either (1) Blockage to an existing blood vessel in the brain, i.e. Ischemic Stroke (2) Rupture of blood vessel causing bleeding into the brain, I.e Hemorrhagic stroke
Symptoms of stroke is dependent on the region of the brain that is affected. Symptoms of a stroke can include sudden numbness or weakness on one side of the body, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, sudden severe headache, trouble walking, dizziness, and loss of coordination or balance. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect you or someone else is experiencing a stroke.
Risk factors for stroke include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, and a family history of stroke. These risk factors are often modifiable with adequate lifestyle modification and medications.
There are also rarer conditions that can cause stroke. These include conditions that affects the blood vessels in the brain, conditions that causes inflammation of the brain, congenital heart defects, blood disorders that causes hyper coagulopathy, as well as genetical conditions. Such conditions are rarer and more difficult to diagnose, and have to be properly evaluated by a doctor.
Treatment for stroke depends on the type and severity of the stroke. In some cases, medication such as clot-busting drugs can be used to dissolve blood clots and restore blood flow to the brain.
Lifestyle modification plays a key role in secondary prevention of stroke that are associated with metabolic syndromes such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Treatments may include rehabilitation, lifestyle changes, quitting smoking, exercise and losing weight. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect yourself or someone is experiencing a stroke-like symptoms.
Taken from : https://www.healthhub.sg/
A stroke is a medical emergency that occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted, either due to a blood clot (ischemic stroke) or bleeding in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). Recognizing the warning signs of a stroke and seeking immediate medical attention can greatly ensure timely treatment, and to improve the chances of recovery and reduce the risk of long-term disability.
The American Stroke Association developed the acronym “F.A.S.T.” to help remember and identify the most common warning signs of stroke:
Face: Facial drooping or weakness, often on one side of the face. Ask the person to smile to check for asymmetry.
Arms: Arm weakness or numbness, typically on one side of the body. Ask the person to raise both arms and see if one drifts downward or is difficult to lift.
Speech: Slurred speech, difficulty speaking, or understanding speech. Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence to check for speech abnormalities.
Time: Time is critical when it comes to treating a stroke. If you notice any of these symptoms, call emergency services immediately. Time is of the essence when it comes to stroke treatment, as brain cells begin to die when they are deprived of oxygen.
In addition to the above F.A.S.T. signs, there are other possible symptoms of a stroke:
Its key to understand the above symptoms, and to seek medical attention in a timely manner.
Numbness can be a symptom of a stroke, but it’s not necessarily an indicator of a stroke. Other symptoms of a stroke include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, sudden vision changes, sudden severe headache, and trouble with walking or coordination.
If you are experiencing numbness, particularly if it’s sudden, severe, or accompanied by other symptoms, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately. A healthcare provider can evaluate your symptoms and determine whether they are related to a stroke or another underlying medical condition.
Stroke prevention involves managing risk factors and adopting a healthy lifestyle. While there are risk factors such as age, family history, and ethnicity, that cannot be changed, there are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of stroke:
Maintain a healthy blood pressure: High blood pressure is a leading cause of stroke worldwide. Regular check-ups, a healthy diet that is low in sodium, regular exercise, and managing stress can help to keep blood pressure in a healthy range. If needed, your doctor may prescribe medications to manage high blood pressure.
Control diabetes: Controlling diabetes is very important in the prevention of stroke. High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels and increase the risk of stroke. If you have diabetes, work together with your doctor, to manage blood sugar levels through diet, exercise, and medication, if needed.
Quit smoking: Smoking significantly increases your risk of stroke by raising blood pressure and reducing oxygen levels in the blood. Quitting smoking can significantly lower your risk of stroke and improve a person’s overall health.
Manage cholesterol levels: High cholesterol can contribute to the buildup of plaque in arteries, leading to a stroke. Maintain healthy cholesterol levels through a diet low in saturated and trans fats, regular exercise, and medication, if needed.
Maintaining a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese also increases the risk of stroke. Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can help reduce your risk of stroke.
Exercise regularly: Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, swimming, or cycling, can help lower blood pressure, improve circulation, and reduce the risk of stroke. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity per week.
Eat a balanced diet: Consume a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy products. Limit one’s intake of saturated fats, trans fats, and sodium to help control blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Treat sleep apnea: Sleep apnea, a condition in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep, can increase the risk of stroke. If you have sleep apnea, work with your healthcare provider to develop an appropriate treatment plan.
Regular check-ups and communication with your healthcare provider are crucial for managing your stroke risk factors. By adopting a healthy lifestyle and addressing risk factors, you can significantly reduce your risk of stroke.
Immediate medical attention is critical for stroke treatment. Treatments for stroke may include medications to dissolve blood clots or reduce bleeding, surgical procedures to repair blood vessels or relieve pressure on the brain, and rehabilitation therapies to help patients recover lost function and prevent future strokes. Do contact emergency services in a timely manner, if stroke is suspected.